Updated: Jun 12, 2020
Birds in the Galliformes order are highly sought after by hunters. They are so heavily desired, that multiple species were imported into the US for sport hunting.
The Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) may be the best known introduced game bird in Wyoming. The males are colorful, while the females are cryptically patterned. They were introduced to the US from Asia for upland hunting.
Where to Find Ring-necked Pheasant in Wyoming
Chukar (Clown Bird)
The Chukar (Alectoris chukar) was introduced to the United States from Pakistan in the late 1800s. In the mid-1900s, almost 1,000,000 birds were introduced into 41 states. This species has not found a foothold in many locations, but Wyoming is one state where habitat and climate allow for the species to survive.
Where to find Chukar in Wyoming
Gray Partridge (Hungarian Partridge)
The Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix) was introduced into the United States in the early 1900s from Europe and Asia. The Gray Partridge was formerly named the Hungarian Partridge.
Where to Find Gray Partridge in Wyoming
The Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufus) is an introduced game bird from Europe that is often confused with the Chukar. There are no identified wild, self-sustaining populations in Wyoming.
Where to Find Red-legged Partridge in Wyoming: Near game bird farms or domestic collections.
The Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) is often referred to as the peacock. It is native to India, but often held in private collections in the United States.
Where to Find Indian Peafowl: Game bird farms, rural areas, farms, and domestic collections. No known wild flocks.
The Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) is a native bird to Africa. In the colonial days of the United States, it was often confused with the Wild Turkey. They are frequently kept to aid in pest control (insects and ticks) in rural areas.
Where to Find Helmeted Guineafowl: Game bird farms, rural areas, farms, and domestic collections. No known wild flocks.
Wild Turkey - WHAT??
You read that right. The Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is NOT native to Wyoming. Wild Turkeys were introduced to Wyoming in 1935 when the state traded Greater Sage-Grouse to New Mexico for 9 hens and 6 toms. These original birds were planted in Platte County and were used to create the rest of the populations all over the state.
Where to Find Wild Turkey in Wyoming
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Credits/References (in order of appearance)
Gray Partridge flickr photo by USDA NRCS Montana under the CC0 Public Domain. Modified from original for use.
Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa) flickr photo by Smudge 9000 under a CC BY-SA 2.0 License.
Peacock (Indian Peafowl) flickr photo by Bernard Spragg. NZ under a CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication. Modified from original for use.
Helmeted Guineafowl flickr photo by Rickard Holgersson under a CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication. Modified from original for use.