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American Crow vs Common Raven - A Tale of two corvids

These two corvid species fool a lot of wildlife watchers. Read on to learn several simple tips to identify the Common Raven and American Crow!

Common Raven (left) and American Crow (right)
Common Raven (left) and American Crow (right)

First, let's clear something up. Even though corvid, the family name of crows, jays, and ravens, looks similar to COVID, I swear these birds have absolutely nothing to do with coronavirus, Corona beer, or any other calamity. Except for stealing your lunch. They definitely caused that.


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Want to have the proper field guide for helping in bird identification? Check out our guide to field guides! If you do not have time for our field guide post, here is our top recommendation for general bird identification:


The Sibley Guide to Birds

 

Want to skip ahead? Click on the links below to take you to the most relevant tips!


Raven and Crow ID in Flight

While identifying these two corvids in flight may seem daunting, I can assure you, there are four simple steps to make this process painless! A more anecdotal identification clue is often easy to see. Common Ravens often spend their flight time doing aerobatics and almost 'playing.' Below, you will see more quantifiable identification tips!


Common Raven vs American Crow in Flight ID

Common Raven and American Crow Flying
Image 2: Common Raven (CORA) and American Crow (AMCR) Flying

In the photo above, I provide two views of these species flying. One view (left) shows how these species appear when they are right above you. The other view (right) shows the more realistic view you can expect, silhouettes of dark birds high in the sky. However, do not throw your Sibley Guide into the trash can out of frustration... yet.


We can see several obvious visual keys to unlocking these tough identifications:

  1. First, look at the outer primaries, or the "fingers." The Common Raven typically shows FIVE obvious "fingers" while the American Crow only shows FOUR obvious "fingers." While not a guaranteed key, the appearance of the outer wing is very helpful.

  2. Additionally, Common Ravens often have a pointed wing appearance, with the points of the wing directed backward.

  3. Next, look at the obvious large head and bill on the Common Raven. Crows are much more petite-headed.

  4. Finally, look at the tail shape. As you can see above (Img. 2) and below (Fig. 1), the American Crow has a short, square tail, while the Common Raven has a long, triangular tail shape.


Tail Shape in the Crow vs the Raven

Tail Shape of American Crow vs Common Raven
Figure 1: Tail Shape of American Crow (AMCR) vs Common Raven (CORA)

The tail shape of the American Crow is quite different than the Common Raven. Crows exhibit a square/flat tail shape, but the Common Raven has a pointed to rounded tail shape.

 

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Raven vs Crow ID: Bill, Size, and Structure

If the birds are perched together, identification can become much easier! However, this rarely occurs. Fear not! Below are a handful of tips for the identification of these two species when not in flight.

Common Raven (left) and American Crow (right)
Common Raven (left) and American Crow (right)

Bill - The bill of the Common Raven is longer, "taller," wider, and has more of a hook at the tip than the American Crow.

Throat - The feathers covering the throat of the Common Raven are often "shaggy" in appearance. This helps to give them a "full" throat and a large-headed appearance.

Wings - Common Ravens are longer-winged than American Crows. This is an attribute that can be difficult to use when birds are perching, as posture plays a major role in wing length appearance. However, because of the shorter wings of the American Crow, the wingtips often do not extend to the tail tip. However, in the Common Raven, the wingtips can reach and even extend past the tail. The Common Raven also has a noticeably longer primary projection. The primary projection is the distance between the longest secondary and the longest primary in a folded wing.

Size - The Common Raven is about 30% larger than the American Crow. Size can be tough to use, so only use it as a key with the other items listed above.

American Crow in profile with a Common Raven
American Crow (left) in profile with a Common Raven (right)

Raven and Crow Calls and Songs

Sound is one of the easiest identification keys for the American Crow vs the Common Raven. If you like to make silly sounds while reading bird posts on the toilet, here is your favorite section.


American Crow Sounds

Say the word "cAAAw" in a loud, obnoxious tone. That's an American Crow.

Common Raven Sounds

Say the word "UUgggh" in a low, guttural tone almost as if you had a mucousy, sore throat.

 

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Raven and Crow Range and Habitat Identification

Range, unfortunately, is not a useful identification key for much of the range of these two species. And soon, with the range expansion of the Common Raven and American Crow, no area in North America may feel safe from this identification issue!


American Crow Range Map

Range Map of the American Crow
Range Map of the American Crow

Common Raven Range Map

Range Map of the Common Raven
Range Map of the Common Raven

Learn more about the intelligence of crows, ravens, and other corvids

The intelligence of corvids like ravens, magpies, jays, and crows is impressive and recognized worldwide. If you want to read more about the incredible abilities of these fascinating birds, check out our reading list below!

Watch our video on crow and raven identification


 

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